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Python爬虫QQ音乐数据采取,公开数据获取案例之一

工具准备

数据来源: QQ音乐
开发环境:win10、python3.7
开发工具:pycharm、Chrome

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效果展示

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项目思路解析

搜索你需要的歌名或者歌曲
抓取对应的数据包

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提取json数据里的歌曲名字,歌曲的mid,歌手名字

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for i in range(1, 10):
    url = 'https://c.y.qq.com/soso/fcgi-bin/client_search_cp'
    params = {
        "ct": " 24",
        "qqmusic_ver": " 1298",
        "new_json": " 1",
        "remoteplace": " txt.yqq.song",
        "searchid": " 66595602585102401",
        "t": " 0",
        "aggr": " 1",
        "cr": " 1",
        "catZhida": " 1",
        "lossless": " 0",
        "flag_qc": " 0",
        "p": str(i),
        "n": " 10",
        "w": keyword,
        "g_tk_new_20200303": " 1390029147",
        "g_tk": " 1390029147",
        "loginUin": " 1164153961",
        "hostUin": " 0",
        "format": " json",
        "inCharset": " utf8",
        "outCharset": " utf-8",
        "notice": " 0",
        "platform": " yqq.json",
        "needNewCode": " 0"
    }


    response = requests.get(url, params=params, headers=headers)
    # print(re.findall('callback\((.*)\)', response)[0])
    search_result = eval(re.findall('callback\((.*)\)', response.text)[0])
    song_info_list = search_result['data']['song']['list']
    # print()
    tplt = "{0:<10}\t{1:<10}\t{2:<20}"
    print(tplt.format("序号", "歌手", "歌名"))
    for song_info in song_info_list:
        # print(song_info)
        song_name = song_info['songname']
        song_mid = song_info['songmid']
        singer = song_info['singer'][0]['name']

找到单个音乐的请求数据接口
音乐的播放地址为purl

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动态提交的数据来自与同一个js文件

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调试js代码请求方法为get

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get请求的url地址拼接上post对应的表单参数
因为我们获取的数据只需要数据包含purl的req_1,只需要对应data的req_1的参数,songmid为歌曲的mid
![在这

params1 = {
            '_': time.time()*1000,
            'sign': 'zzakgej75pk8w36d82032784bdb9204d99bf6351acb7d',
            "data": '{"req":{"module":"vkey.GetVkeyServer","method":"CgiGetVkey","param":{"guid":"7469768631","songmid":["' + song_mid + '"],"songtype":[0],"uin":"1164153961","loginflag":1,"platform":"20"}}}'
        }
response = requests.get(url1, params=params1, headers=headers)

得到对应的req_1的数据,取出purl值拼接成歌曲播放地址
下载对应歌曲

简易代码分享

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author  : BaiChuan
# @File    : qq音乐.py

import requests
import re
import time
headers = {
    "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/80.0.3987.132 Safari/537.36",
}
keyword = input('请输入你想下载的歌手名:')

for i in range(1, 10):
    url = 'https://c.y.qq.com/soso/fcgi-bin/client_search_cp'
    params = {
        "ct": " 24",
        "qqmusic_ver": " 1298",
        "new_json": " 1",
        "remoteplace": " txt.yqq.song",
        "searchid": " 66595602585102401",
        "t": " 0",
        "aggr": " 1",
        "cr": " 1",
        "catZhida": " 1",
        "lossless": " 0",
        "flag_qc": " 0",
        "p": str(i),
        "n": " 10",
        "w": keyword,
        "g_tk_new_20200303": " 1390029147",
        "g_tk": " 1390029147",
        "loginUin": " 1164153961",
        "hostUin": " 0",
        "format": " json",
        "inCharset": " utf8",
        "outCharset": " utf-8",
        "notice": " 0",
        "platform": " yqq.json",
        "needNewCode": " 0"
    }


    response = requests.get(url, params=params, headers=headers)
    # print(re.findall('callback\((.*)\)', response)[0])
    search_result = eval(re.findall('callback\((.*)\)', response.text)[0])
    song_info_list = search_result['data']['song']['list']
    # print()
    tplt = "{0:<10}\t{1:<10}\t{2:<20}"
    print(tplt.format("序号", "歌手", "歌名"))
    for song_info in song_info_list:
        # print(song_info)
        song_name = song_info['songname']
        song_mid = song_info['songmid']
        singer = song_info['singer'][0]['name']
        print(tplt.format(song_mid, singer, song_name))
        url1 = 'https://u.y.qq.com/cgi-bin/musicu.fcg'
        params1 = {
            '_': time.time()*1000,
            'sign': 'zzakgej75pk8w36d82032784bdb9204d99bf6351acb7d',
            "data": '{"req":{"module":"vkey.GetVkeyServer","method":"CgiGetVkey","param":{"guid":"7469768631","songmid":["' + song_mid + '"],"songtype":[0],"uin":"1164153961","loginflag":1,"platform":"20"}}}'
        }
        response = requests.get(url1, params=params1, headers=headers)
        print(response.json())
        songlink = response.json()['req']['data']['midurlinfo'][0]['purl']
        if songlink == '':
            print('这首歌是付费歌曲无法下载。')
        else:
            path = 'qq音乐/' + song_name + "-" + singer + ".mp3"
            with open(path, 'wb') as f:
                f.write(requests.get('https://isure.stream.qqmusic.qq.com/' + songlink, headers=headers).content)
            print("正在下载:", song_name)

本文章只提供学习,切勿用在其他用途
vip音乐不做讲解


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