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springcloud 集成seata1.4 ,nacos配置中心,feign服务之间调用

环境介绍

Spingboot我用的是2.2.5.RELEASE,springcloud 是2.1.0.RELEASE,不过这个只要是2.0以上基本都可以,nacos用的是1.2,seata用的1.4.0

seata下载链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/14ctQaLuPDV8B9-pYnZNeng 
提取码:smb6 

1.配置数据库

seata主要的任务便是对数据库进行事务回滚,保证事务的一致性,所以我们需要先行配置数据库,seata需要一个进行事务管理的数据库用于自身使用。

我们在MySQL中创建一个名为seata的数据库,数据库引擎必须使用InnoDB

在该数据库中执行以下sql

-- the table to store GlobalSession data
drop table if exists `global_table`;
create table `global_table` (
  `xid` varchar(128)  not null,
  `transaction_id` bigint,
  `status` tinyint not null,
  `application_id` varchar(32),
  `transaction_service_group` varchar(32),
  `transaction_name` varchar(128),
  `timeout` int,
  `begin_time` bigint,
  `application_data` varchar(2000),
  `gmt_create` datetime,
  `gmt_modified` datetime,
  primary key (`xid`),
  key `idx_gmt_modified_status` (`gmt_modified`, `status`),
  key `idx_transaction_id` (`transaction_id`)
);

-- the table to store BranchSession data
drop table if exists `branch_table`;
create table `branch_table` (
  `branch_id` bigint not null,
  `xid` varchar(128) not null,
  `transaction_id` bigint ,
  `resource_group_id` varchar(32),
  `resource_id` varchar(256) ,
  `lock_key` varchar(128) ,
  `branch_type` varchar(8) ,
  `status` tinyint,
  `client_id` varchar(64),
  `application_data` varchar(2000),
  `gmt_create` datetime,
  `gmt_modified` datetime,
  primary key (`branch_id`),
  key `idx_xid` (`xid`)
);

-- the table to store lock data
drop table if exists `lock_table`;
create table `lock_table` (
  `row_key` varchar(128) not null,
  `xid` varchar(96),
  `transaction_id` long ,
  `branch_id` long,
  `resource_id` varchar(256) ,
  `table_name` varchar(32) ,
  `pk` varchar(36) ,
  `gmt_create` datetime ,
  `gmt_modified` datetime,
  primary key(`row_key`)
);

执行完毕之后会得到这样一个库

完成了seata的基本支持库,我们还要把其他我们业务使用的数据库中加入一个管理事务日志的表undo_log,所有需要用到回滚的数据库都要加这张表

-- the table to store seata xid data
-- 0.7.0+ add context
-- you must to init this sql for you business databese. the seata server not need it.
-- 此脚本必须初始化在你当前的业务数据库中,用于AT 模式XID记录。与server端无关(注:业务数据库)
-- 注意此处0.3.0+ 增加唯一索引 ux_undo_log
drop table `undo_log`;
CREATE TABLE `undo_log` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `branch_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
  `xid` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `context` varchar(128) NOT NULL,
  `rollback_info` longblob NOT NULL,
  `log_status` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `log_created` datetime NOT NULL,
  `log_modified` datetime NOT NULL,
  `ext` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `ux_undo_log` (`xid`,`branch_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

到这里数据方面的配置基本就完成了

配置seata服务器

解压zip之后进入seata–>bin中可以看到如下目录,seata-server.bat文件便是启动文件

可以看到这里还有个seata-server-start.bat,这个是我新写的启动文件,目的是修改端口号为8091,内容如下

seata-server.bat -p 8091 -h 127.0.0.1

进入seata—》》conf文件夹中,找到,file.conf与registry.conf文件

修改file.conf (我用TODO标注修改位置的上方)

## transaction log store, only used in seata-server
store {
  ## store mode: file、db、redis
  ##TODO 修改为数据库类型db
  mode = "db"

  ## file store property
  file {
    ## store location dir
    dir = "sessionStore"
    # branch session size , if exceeded first try compress lockkey, still exceeded throws exceptions
    maxBranchSessionSize = 16384
    # globe session size , if exceeded throws exceptions
    maxGlobalSessionSize = 512
    # file buffer size , if exceeded allocate new buffer
    fileWriteBufferCacheSize = 16384
    # when recover batch read size
    sessionReloadReadSize = 100
    # async, sync
    flushDiskMode = async
  }

  ## database store property
#TODO 下面这一堆就安装自己MySQL去改就行了,使用的库便是我们上面创建的seata库
  db {
    ## the implement of javax.sql.DataSource, such as DruidDataSource(druid)/BasicDataSource(dbcp)/HikariDataSource(hikari) etc.
    datasource = "druid"
    ## mysql/oracle/postgresql/h2/oceanbase etc.
    dbType = "mysql"
    driverClassName = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
    url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/seata"
    user = "root"
    password = "root"
    minConn = 5
    maxConn = 100
    globalTable = "global_table"
    branchTable = "branch_table"
    lockTable = "lock_table"
    queryLimit = 100
    maxWait = 5000
  }

  ## redis store property
  redis {
    host = "127.0.0.1"
    port = "6379"
    password = ""
    database = "0"
    minConn = 1
    maxConn = 10
    maxTotal = 100
    queryLimit = 100
  }

}

修改registry.conf (我用TODO标注修改位置的上方)

registry {
  # file 、nacos 、eureka、redis、zk、consul、etcd3、sofa
  #TODO 配置为nacos
  type = "nacos"
  loadBalance = "RandomLoadBalance"
  loadBalanceVirtualNodes = 10
#TODO 设置你自己的nacos即可,namespace没设置就默认public
  nacos {
    application = "seata-server"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8848"
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
   # namespace = "877e68b7-333f-48ce-ae1f-4aca7fcc26e2"
    cluster = "default"
    username = "nacos"
    password = "nacos"
  }
  eureka {
    serviceUrl = "http://localhost:8761/eureka"
    application = "default"
    weight = "1"
  }
  redis {
    serverAddr = "localhost:6379"
    db = 0
    password = ""
    cluster = "default"
    timeout = 0
  }
  zk {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    sessionTimeout = 6000
    connectTimeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  consul {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  etcd3 {
    cluster = "default"
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  sofa {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:9603"
    application = "default"
    region = "DEFAULT_ZONE"
    datacenter = "DefaultDataCenter"
    cluster = "default"
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
    addressWaitTime = "3000"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}

config {
  # file、nacos 、apollo、zk、consul、etcd3
  type = "nacos"

  nacos {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8848"
   # namespace = "877e68b7-333f-48ce-ae1f-4aca7fcc26e2"
    group = "SEATA_GROUP"
    username = "nacos"
    password = "nacos"
  }
  consul {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:8500"
  }
  apollo {
    appId = "seata-server"
    apolloMeta = "http://192.168.1.204:8801"
    namespace = "application"
    apolloAccesskeySecret = ""
  }
  zk {
    serverAddr = "127.0.0.1:2181"
    sessionTimeout = 6000
    connectTimeout = 2000
    username = ""
    password = ""
  }
  etcd3 {
    serverAddr = "http://localhost:2379"
  }
  file {
    name = "file.conf"
  }
}

至此,服务器端配置以及完成了,接下来先启动nacos之后在启动seata即可,如果你使用的不是nacos而且其他的配置中心,也要先启动其他配置中心在启动seata

配置为高可用db模式参数并提交至配置中心:

运行你下载的nacos,并参考https://github.com/seata/seata/tree/develop/script/config-center 的config.txt并修改,标注TODO的修改为自己的配置

transport.type=TCP
transport.server=NIO
transport.heartbeat=true
transport.enableClientBatchSendRequest=false
transport.threadFactory.bossThreadPrefix=NettyBoss
transport.threadFactory.workerThreadPrefix=NettyServerNIOWorker
transport.threadFactory.serverExecutorThreadPrefix=NettyServerBizHandler
transport.threadFactory.shareBossWorker=false
transport.threadFactory.clientSelectorThreadPrefix=NettyClientSelector
transport.threadFactory.clientSelectorThreadSize=1
transport.threadFactory.clientWorkerThreadPrefix=NettyClientWorkerThread
transport.threadFactory.bossThreadSize=1
transport.threadFactory.workerThreadSize=default
transport.shutdown.wait=3
#TOTO配置自己服务事务yp-asap-group表示事务组,有多个服务就得配置多个
service.vgroupMapping.yp-asap-group=default

service.default.grouplist=127.0.0.1:8091
service.enableDegrade=false
service.disableGlobalTransaction=false
client.rm.asyncCommitBufferLimit=10000
client.rm.lock.retryInterval=10
client.rm.lock.retryTimes=30
client.rm.lock.retryPolicyBranchRollbackOnConflict=true
client.rm.reportRetryCount=5
client.rm.tableMetaCheckEnable=false
client.rm.sqlParserType=druid
client.rm.reportSuccessEnable=false
client.rm.sagaBranchRegisterEnable=false
client.tm.commitRetryCount=5
client.tm.rollbackRetryCount=5
client.tm.defaultGlobalTransactionTimeout=60000
client.tm.degradeCheck=false
client.tm.degradeCheckAllowTimes=10
client.tm.degradeCheckPeriod=2000
store.mode=db
store.file.dir=file_store/data
store.file.maxBranchSessionSize=16384
store.file.maxGlobalSessionSize=512
store.file.fileWriteBufferCacheSize=16384
store.file.flushDiskMode=async
store.file.sessionReloadReadSize=100
store.db.datasource=druid
store.db.dbType=mysql
store.db.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
#TODO配置自己的数据库start
store.db.url=jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/seata?useUnicode=true
store.db.user=root
store.db.password=root
#TODO配置自己的数据库end
store.db.minConn=5
store.db.maxConn=30
store.db.globalTable=global_table
store.db.branchTable=branch_table
store.db.queryLimit=100
store.db.lockTable=lock_table
store.db.maxWait=5000
store.redis.host=127.0.0.1
store.redis.port=6379
store.redis.maxConn=10
store.redis.minConn=1
store.redis.database=0
store.redis.password=null
store.redis.queryLimit=100
server.recovery.committingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.asynCommittingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.rollbackingRetryPeriod=1000
server.recovery.timeoutRetryPeriod=1000
server.maxCommitRetryTimeout=-1
server.maxRollbackRetryTimeout=-1
server.rollbackRetryTimeoutUnlockEnable=false
client.undo.dataValidation=true
client.undo.logSerialization=jackson
client.undo.onlyCareUpdateColumns=true
server.undo.logSaveDays=7
server.undo.logDeletePeriod=86400000
client.undo.logTable=undo_log
client.log.exceptionRate=100
transport.serialization=seata
transport.compressor=none
metrics.enabled=false
metrics.registryType=compact
metrics.exporterList=prometheus
metrics.exporterPrometheusPort=9898

 

运行仓库中提供的nacos脚本 sh seata-server.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 8091
,将以上信息提交到nacos控制台,如果有需要更改,可直接通过控制台更改

接下去就是项目的配置

1.配置主pom.xml

 <!--seata 分布式事务-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
            <artifactId>seata-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.0</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
                    <artifactId>seata-all</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
            <artifactId>seata-all</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.0</version>
        </dependency>

2.配置需要回滚的微服务pom.xml

 <!--分布式事务seata-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.seata</groupId>
            <artifactId>seata-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.github.openfeign</groupId>
            <artifactId>feign-httpclient</artifactId>
        </dependency>

3.配置application.yml

##seata配置,相当于registry.conf
seata:
  enabled: true
  application-id: ${spring.application.name}
  tx-service-group: ${spring.application.name}-group
  enable-auto-data-source-proxy: true
  config:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      namespace:
      server-addr: 127.0.0.1:8848
      group: SEATA_GROUP
      userName: "nacos"
      password: "nacos"
  registry:
    type: nacos
    nacos:
      application: seata-server
      server-addr: 127.0.0.1:8848
      namespace:
      userName: "nacos"
      password: "nacos"

4.配置 MybatisPlusConfig

package com.yunping.config;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.plugins.OptimisticLockerInterceptor;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.plugins.PaginationInterceptor;
import org.mybatis.spring.transaction.SpringManagedTransactionFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.spring.MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean;
import io.seata.rm.datasource.DataSourceProxy;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Primary;
import org.springframework.core.io.support.PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver;

import javax.sql.DataSource;
/**
 * <p>
 * MybatisPlus配置
 * </p>
 *
 * @author admin
 * @since 2021-04-13
 */
@Configuration
public class MybatisPlusConfig {

    /**
     * mybatis-plus分页插件
     */
    @Bean
    public PaginationInterceptor paginationInterceptor() {
        PaginationInterceptor paginationInterceptor = new PaginationInterceptor();
        return paginationInterceptor;
    }

    /**
     * mybatios-plus乐观锁插件
     *
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    public OptimisticLockerInterceptor optimisticLockerInterceptor() {
        return new OptimisticLockerInterceptor();
    }
    /**
     * @param sqlSessionFactory SqlSessionFactory
     * @return SqlSessionTemplate
     */
    @Bean
    public SqlSessionTemplate sqlSessionTemplate(SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory) {
        return new SqlSessionTemplate(sqlSessionFactory);
    }

    /**
     * 从配置文件获取属性构造datasource,注意前缀,这里用的是druid,根据自己情况配置,
     * 原生datasource前缀取"spring.datasource"
     *
     * @return
     */
    @Bean
    @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource")
    public DataSource druidDataSource() {
        DruidDataSource druidDataSource = new DruidDataSource();
        return druidDataSource;
    }

    /**
     * 构造datasource代理对象,替换原来的datasource
     * @param druidDataSource
     * @return
     */
    @Primary
    @Bean("dataSource")
    public DataSourceProxy dataSourceProxy(DataSource druidDataSource) {
        return new DataSourceProxy(druidDataSource);
    }

    @Bean
    public MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean sqlSessionFactory(DataSource dataSourceProxy)throws Exception{
        MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean sqlSessionFactoryBean = new MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean();
        sqlSessionFactoryBean.setDataSource(dataSourceProxy);
        sqlSessionFactoryBean.setMapperLocations(new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver()
                .getResources("classpath*:mapper/**/**Mapper.xml"));
        sqlSessionFactoryBean.setTransactionFactory(new SpringManagedTransactionFactory());
        return sqlSessionFactoryBean;
    }

    /*@Bean(name = "sqlSessionFactory")
    public SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactoryBean(DataSource dataSourceProxy) throws Exception {
        MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean bean = new MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean();
        bean.setDataSource(dataSourceProxy);
        SqlSessionFactory factory = null;
        try {
            factory = bean.getObject();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
        return factory;
    }*/
}

 

5.配置application 

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)

6.在调用入口配置@GlobalTransactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)

7.配置FeignSupportConfig,保证全局事务ID(RootContext.getXID())传递

package com.yunping.framework.config.feign;

import com.yunping.framework.core.filter.FeignBasicAuthRequestInterceptor;
import feign.RequestInterceptor;
import feign.RequestTemplate;
import io.seata.core.context.RootContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextHolder;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.ServletRequestAttributes;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.util.Enumeration;

/**
 * 功能描述:  Feign配置注册(全局)
 * @Auther: admin
 * @Date: 2021/04/13
* @return: null
 **/

@Configuration
public class FeignSupportConfig implements RequestInterceptor{
  /**
   * feign请求拦截器
   *
   * @return
   */
  @Bean
  public RequestInterceptor requestInterceptor(){
    return new FeignBasicAuthRequestInterceptor();
  }



  /**
   * 解决服务直接调用请求头不传递的问题
   * @param template
   */
  @Override
  public void apply(RequestTemplate template) {


    ServletRequestAttributes attributes = (ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder
            .getRequestAttributes();
    HttpServletRequest request = attributes.getRequest();
    Enumeration<String> headerNames = request.getHeaderNames();
    if (headerNames != null) {
      while (headerNames.hasMoreElements()) {
        String name = headerNames.nextElement();
        String values = request.getHeader(name);
        // 跳过 content-length
        if (name.equals("content-length")) {
          continue;
        }
        template.header(name, values);
      }
      // 解决seata的xid未传递
      String xid = RootContext.getXID();
      template.header(RootContext.KEY_XID, xid);
    } else {

    }
  }
}

8.最后配置feign调用的地方

至此,所有配置已完成,如有遇到不回滚,请先检查RootContext.getXID()在每个服务是否有值


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