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filter4----初始化 filter

 

 

1、创建graph

/**
 * Allocate a filter graph.
 *
 * @return the allocated filter graph on success or NULL.
 */
AVFilterGraph *avfilter_graph_alloc(void);

相当于一张图,filter的各种操作就按照这张图

2、创建buffer filter的上下文

通过上面的图我们知道解码出来的数据要先保存到buffer filter中

所以我们要先创建buffer filter的context

//第二步创建buffer_filter_ctx
    const AVFilter *bufsrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");
    if (!bufsrc)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_get_by_name fail");
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }

    //args 来源于ffmpeg -h filter=buffer
    snprintf(args,
             512,
             "video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",
             video_codec_par->width,
             video_codec_par->height,
             video_codec_par->format,
             time_base.num,
             time_base.den,
             video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num,
             video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den);

    ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffer_filter_ctx, bufsrc, "in", args, NULL, graph);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_create_filter buffer_filter_ctx %s", av_err2str(ret));
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }

const AVFilter *bufsrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");

我们可以很容易的通过avfilter_get_by_name获得buffer filter

创建成功后,我们要把filter插入graph中。需要通过

/**
 * Create and add a filter instance into an existing graph.
 * The filter instance is created from the filter filt and inited
 * with the parameter args. opaque is currently ignored.
 *
 * In case of success put in *filt_ctx the pointer to the created
 * filter instance, otherwise set *filt_ctx to NULL.
 *
 * @param name the instance name to give to the created filter instance
 * @param graph_ctx the filter graph
 * @return a negative AVERROR error code in case of failure, a non
 * negative value otherwise
 */
int avfilter_graph_create_filter(AVFilterContext **filt_ctx, const AVFilter *filt,
                                 const char *name, const char *args, void *opaque,
                                 AVFilterGraph *graph_ctx);

filt_ctx: 插入成功后,我们能获取到的buffer filter的上下文

filt :我们通过avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");获取的filter

name: buffer_filter是用来作为输入的所以要填"in"

args: 是我们要设置的bufferfileter的参数

我们通过 ffmpeg -h filter=buffer 查看下buffer filter的参数

Filter buffer

Buffer video frames, and make them accessible to the filterchain.

Inputs:

none (source filter)

Outputs:

#0: default (video)

buffer AVOptions:

width <int> ..FV....... (from 0 to INT_MAX) (default 0)

video_size <image_size> ..FV.......

height <int> ..FV....... (from 0 to INT_MAX) (default 0)

pix_fmt <pix_fmt> ..FV....... (default none)

sar <rational> ..FV....... sample aspect ratio (from 0 to DBL_MAX) (default 0/1)

pixel_aspect <rational> ..FV....... sample aspect ratio (from 0 to DBL_MAX) (default 0/1)

time_base <rational> ..FV....... (from 0 to DBL_MAX) (default 0/1)

frame_rate <rational> ..FV....... (from 0 to DBL_MAX) (default 0/1)

sws_param <string> ..FV.......

所以我们增加如下设置

snprintf(args,

512,

"video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",

video_codec_par->width,

video_codec_par->height,

video_codec_par->format,

time_base.num,

time_base.den,

video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num,

video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den);

opaque 暂时不用

graph_ctx 我们第一步创建的graph

 

3、创建buffersink filter

filter处理后的数据要放在buffersink filter。

类似于创建buffer filter,我们设置avfilter_get_by_name的参数为buffersink来获取buffersink的fileter

const AVFilter *bufsink = avfilter_get_by_name("buffersink");

我们也需要avfilter_graph_create_filter将bufsink插入到graph

我们先看下buffersink的参数

Filter buffersink

Buffer video frames, and make them available to the end of the filter graph.

Inputs:

#0: default (video)

Outputs:

none (sink filter)

buffersink AVOptions:

pix_fmts <binary> ..FV....... set the supported pixel formats

可以知道需要一个参数pix_fmts的二进制

如何进行设置呢?

enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmts[] = {AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P,

AV_PIX_FMT_GRAY8,

AV_PIX_FMT_NONE};

av_opt_set_int_list(buffer_shink_filter_ctx, "pix_fmts", pix_fmts, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE, AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);

 

av_opt_set_int_list的第四个参数是AV_PIX_FMT_NONE是pix_fmts的结束元素

AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN 的意思是包括所有的子元素

 

4、分析filter描述符,并构建AVFilterGraph

/**
 * Add a graph described by a string to a graph.
 *
 * In the graph filters description, if the input label of the first
 * filter is not specified, "in" is assumed; if the output label of
 * the last filter is not specified, "out" is assumed.
 *
 * @param graph   the filter graph where to link the parsed graph context
 * @param filters string to be parsed
 * @param inputs  pointer to a linked list to the inputs of the graph, may be NULL.
 *                If non-NULL, *inputs is updated to contain the list of open inputs
 *                after the parsing, should be freed with avfilter_inout_free().
 * @param outputs pointer to a linked list to the outputs of the graph, may be NULL.
 *                If non-NULL, *outputs is updated to contain the list of open outputs
 *                after the parsing, should be freed with avfilter_inout_free().
 * @return non negative on success, a negative AVERROR code on error
 */
int avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(AVFilterGraph *graph, const char *filters,
                             AVFilterInOut **inputs, AVFilterInOut **outputs,
                             void *log_ctx);

filters 我们要使用的滤镜 比如"drawbox=x=30:y=10:w=64:h=64:c=red"

inputs和outputs要特别注意

inputs代表的是fileter处理后要输出到的filter

outputs代表的是fileter处理前要输入的filter

所以也就有了下面的代码

input->name = av_strdup("out");

input->filter_ctx = buffer_shink_filter_ctx;

input->pad_idx = 0;

input->next = NULL;

output->name = av_strdup("in");

output->filter_ctx = buffer_filter_ctx;

output->pad_idx = 0;

output->next = NULL;

5、使构建好的AVFilterGraph生效

int avfilter_graph_config(AVFilterGraph *graphctx, void *log_ctx);

 

下面是完整的代码

#include "filter1.h"

static AVFormatContext *fmt_ctx = NULL;
static AVCodec *video_codec = NULL;
static AVCodecParameters *video_codec_par = NULL;
static AVCodecContext *video_codec_ctx = NULL;
static int video_stream_index = -1;

static int open_input_file(const char *path)
{

    int ret = 0;
    ret = avformat_open_input(&fmt_ctx, path, NULL, NULL);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avformat_open_input faile path=%s", path);
        return ret;
    }

    ret = avformat_find_stream_info(fmt_ctx, NULL);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avformat_find_stream_info faile ");
        return ret;
    }

    av_dump_format(fmt_ctx, 0, path, 0);
    video_stream_index = av_find_best_stream(fmt_ctx,
                                             AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
                                             -1,
                                             -1,
                                             &video_codec,
                                             -1);

    if (video_stream_index < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "av_find_best_stream faile ");
        ret = -1;
        return ret;
    }

    video_codec_par = fmt_ctx->streams[video_stream_index]->codecpar;

    video_codec_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(video_codec);
    ret = avcodec_parameters_to_context(video_codec_ctx, video_codec_par);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avcodec_parameters_to_context faile ");
        return ret;
    }

    ret = avcodec_open2(video_codec_ctx, video_codec, NULL);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avcodec_open2 faile ");
        return ret;
    }

    return ret;
}

static int init_filters(const char *filter_desc)
{
    int ret = -1;
    //创建Graph
    AVFilterGraph *graph = NULL;
    AVFilterInOut *input = NULL;
    AVFilterInOut *output = NULL;
    AVFilterContext *buffer_filter_ctx = NULL;
    AVFilterContext *buffer_shink_filter_ctx = NULL;
    char args[512] = {};
    // "video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d"
    AVRational time_base = fmt_ctx->streams[video_stream_index]->time_base;

    //第一步创建graph
    graph = avfilter_graph_alloc();
    if (!graph)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_alloc fail");
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }

    //第二步创建buffer_filter_ctx
    const AVFilter *bufsrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");
    if (!bufsrc)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_get_by_name fail");
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }

    //args 来源于ffmpeg -h filter=buffer
    snprintf(args,
             512,
             "video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",
             video_codec_par->width,
             video_codec_par->height,
             video_codec_par->format,
             time_base.num,
             time_base.den,
             video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num,
             video_codec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den);

    ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffer_filter_ctx, bufsrc, "in", args, NULL, graph);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_create_filter buffer_filter_ctx %s", av_err2str(ret));
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }


    //第三步创建buffersink filter
    const AVFilter *bufsink = avfilter_get_by_name("buffersink");
    if (!bufsink)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "creater bufsink fail");
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }
    ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffer_shink_filter_ctx, bufsink, "out", NULL, NULL, graph);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_create_filter buffer_shink_filter_ctx %s", av_err2str(ret));
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }
    //buffer shink  ffmpeg -h filter=buffersink
    enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmts[] = {AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P,
                                     AV_PIX_FMT_GRAY8,
                                     AV_PIX_FMT_NONE};
    av_opt_set_int_list(buffer_shink_filter_ctx, "pix_fmts", pix_fmts, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE, AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);



    //第四步 创建avfilter inout链表

    input = avfilter_inout_alloc();
    output = avfilter_inout_alloc();
    if (!input || !output)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_inout_alloc fail");
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }
    input->name = av_strdup("out"); 
    input->filter_ctx = buffer_shink_filter_ctx;
    input->pad_idx = 0; 
    input->next = NULL;
    output->name = av_strdup("in"); 
    output->filter_ctx = buffer_filter_ctx;
    output->pad_idx = 0; 
    output->next = NULL;

    //第五步 分析filter描述符,并构建AVFilterGraph
    ret = avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(graph, filter_desc, &input, &output, NULL);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_parse_ptr %s", av_err2str(ret));
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }

    //第六步 使构建好的AVFilterGraph生效
    ret = avfilter_graph_config(graph, NULL);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "avfilter_graph_config %s", av_err2str(ret));
        goto __INIT_FILTER_ERROR;
    }
    return 0;

__INIT_FILTER_ERROR:
    if (graph)
    {
        avfilter_graph_free(&graph);
    }
    if (input)
    {
        avfilter_inout_free(&input);
    }
    if (output)
    {
        avfilter_inout_free(&output);
    }

    if(buffer_filter_ctx){
        avfilter_free(buffer_filter_ctx);
    }

    if(buffer_shink_filter_ctx){
        avfilter_free(buffer_shink_filter_ctx);
    }

    if(buffer_shink_filter_ctx){
        avfilter_free(buffer_shink_filter_ctx);
    }
    return ret;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int ret = 0;
    // const char *filter_desc = "drawbox=30:10:64:64:red";
    const char *filter_desc="drawbox=x=30:y=10:w=64:h=64:c=red";

    const char *path = "/Users/yuanxuzhen/study/ffmpeg_study/ffmpeg/resource/in_audio.mp4";
    av_log_set_level(AV_LOG_INFO);

    ret = open_input_file(path);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "open_input_file fail");
        goto __ERROR;
    }

    ret = init_filters(filter_desc);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "init_filters fail");
        goto __ERROR;
    }

__ERROR:
    if (video_codec_ctx)
    {
        avcodec_close(video_codec_ctx);
        avcodec_free_context(&video_codec_ctx);
    }

    if (fmt_ctx)
    {
        avformat_close_input(&fmt_ctx);
        avformat_free_context(fmt_ctx);
    }

    return ret;
}

 

通过上面我们已经构建出filter的graph了。

 

gitee地址

https://gitee.com/creat151/ffmpeg.git

 

 


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